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Tuesday, February 7 • 9:40am - 10:00am
Technical Session. Analyzing Social Capital and Participation in Commons: A Case Study from Nanasawa Satoyama Landscape Japan

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AUTHORS: Bidur Khadka, Ph.D. candidate, Yokohama National University, Japan

ABSTRACT: Commons are usually referred as resources where a large number of people have access. Those resources may be oceanic ecosystem from which fish can harvest or a forest from which timber or different forest products can harvest. Hardin purposes a theory to manage the commons, as local people doesn’t have the capacity to manage the commons so there needs to centrally force regulation or privatize the common pool resources. But Elinor Ostrom came with the completely different idea to manage the commons. She purposes “people are able to govern the commons on the sustainable way by appropriate governance and institution with no or little enforcing from government”. This research paper explores the pattern of social capital, participation, and co-management in Nanasawa satoyama area, Japan. It also explores different forms of governance model which were adopted by local people based on local people vision and criteria. The objective of this research is to analyze social capital and participation Nanasawa satoyama conservation area. This study will explore the different forms of social capital and participation in satoyama area. Nanasawa satoyama is not confined with the only biodiversity but it’s a place to conserve culture and a good example of management of governance and institution. Local people have deep emotional value with lots of inspiration and collectivity of social capital. It has also found that coordination between government, volunteer and a local action group was very strong. The trust in between the group was also high with good cooperation. It has also observed that Nanasawa satoyama has a culture of working together, bringing traditional and scientific knowledge together, encourage participation, revitalize the natural resources and use of natural resources and organic food.

Tuesday February 7, 2017 9:40am - 10:00am CST
Grand Ballroom E